AIU1  – Application-driven network innovations

Tuesday, 4 June 2024, 16:00-17:30, room Gorilla room 3

Session Chair: Pietro Manzoni (Universitat Politècnica de València, ES)

Application-Driven Traffic Differentiation
Danny De De Vleeschauwer (Nokia, Belgium); Tom Jenno Wassing (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands); Koen De Schepper (Nokia, Belgium); Chia-Yu Chang (Nokia Bell Labs, Belgium); Chrysa Papagianni (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
A networked application, i.e., Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) applications, typically establishes multiple connections to one or more servers to ensure that the virtual objects with which the user interacts are up to date. Since these connections share a common bottleneck, a congestion control algorithm is utilized to determine the throughput that can be sustained across each connection. As users need to interact in real-time with the virtual objects, the transport layer should prioritize low latency. The recently proposed “Low Latency Low Loss Scalable throughput (L4S)” standards offer a solution to this requirement. By default, L4S allocates equal capacity share to each connection. In this paper, we extend L4S to enable the application to decide how the available bottleneck capacity should be shared between its maintained connections, while guaranteeing low latency.

Development & Reliable Orchestration of Network Applications for the Automotive Domain Across the Edge-To-Cloud Continuum
Gabriele Scivoletto and Matteo Andolfi (Nextworks, Italy); Eirini Liotou (Harokopio University of Athens, Greece); Konstantinos V. Katsaros (Institute of Communication and Computer Systems (ICCS), Greece); Federico Princiotto, Edoardo Bonetto and Daniele Brevi (Fondazione LINKS, Italy); Thanos Xirofotos (UBITECH, Greece); Giada Landi (Nextworks, Italy); Manuel Fuentes and Miriam Ortiz (Fivecomm, Spain); Robert Horvath (Nokia, Germany); Markus Wimmer (Nokia Germany, Germany)
The latest advancements in mobile networks, extending beyond the 5G trends, have had a substantial impact on the vertical automotive sector. These advancements have empowered the development of Network Applications and simplified the provision of new services. Container orchestration technologies allow deploying highly distributed services, spanning from the cloud to far-edge devices embedded in vehicles (i.e., the On Board Units). Requirements like high availability and reliability are usually critical for automotive services, as they are heavily affected by any potential discontinuity in mobile connectivity. The 5G-IANA Framework simplifies the development and testing of Network Applications capable to exploit the reliability of 5G networks. It provides a multi-domain orchestration system for zero-touch provisioning and configuration of Network Applications over multi-cluster computing infrastructures extended towards edge resources and far-edge devices. This paper presents the orchestration system, analyzing its role in the 5G-IANA Automotive Open Experimentation Platform (AOEP) and its involvement in conducting trials to evaluate automotive services by third-party experimenters. Additionally, it provides a description of an Automotive Network Application running on Nokia’s 5G infrastructure, which hosts both an instance of the platform and the applications deployed on top of it.

Tactical Orchestration – Network, Security, and Drone Intelligence for Mission-Critical Operations
Jani Suomalainen (VTT, Finland); Kimmo Ahola (VTT Technical Research Center of Finland, Finland); Mirko Sailio (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland); Gabor Kiss and Gabor Megyaszai (Eficode, Finland); Rizwan Asif (Huld, Finland); Petri Jehkonen (Xiphera, Finland); Jonathan Rivalan (SMILE, France)
The next-generation operational ICT services for public safety users, such as police and first responders, rely on commercial 5G/6G infrastructure and rapidly deployable networks. Mission-critical intelligent applications—such as autonomous unmanned vehicles and cyber situational awareness—can be deployed to private or to trustworthy public cloud-edge continuum. They can also be dynamically reorchestrated based on operational requirements. We analyze requirements and present orchestration concepts or rapid and autonomous configuring and deployment of network core, cybersecurity operations center, and drone navigation functions. The prototyped concepts enable us to research the potential and trade-offs of different architectural alternatives and highlight the future research directions.

Optimizing 5G-Based Teleoperation: Synergy of Vulnerable Road User Awareness and Advanced Traffic Management Systems
Xhulio Limani (University of Antwerp, Belgium & Imec, Belgium); Nina Slamnik-Krijestorac (University of Antwerp-IMEC, Belgium); Tom Van De Ven (Locatienet, Belgium); Johann M. Marquez-Barja (University of Antwerpen & imec, Belgium)
The Transport and Logistics (T&L) sector faces numerous challenges, including the search for qualified personnel, as well as improving driver safety and work-life balance. Teleoperation emerges as the technology able to address these challenges. Thanks to 5G connectivity and network slicing, operating vehicles remotely from a Teleoperation Center (ToC) is becoming a reality. The European project 5G-Blueprint, funded by the European Union, has demonstrated the feasibility of 5G-based teleoperation, even in a cross-border context. Despite the fact that 5G and network slicing enable reliable and low-latency transmission of video data from cameras installed on Teleoperated Vehicles (ToVs) to ToC, the perception of the surrounding environment is different for the teleoperator compared to the driver who is physically present in the vehicle. In this paper, we introduce a real-world system that showcases synergy among different teleoperation elements, including intelligent traffic lights (iTL) and Vulnerable Road Users (VRU), aimed at supporting teleoperation by improving remote driver’s situational awareness. This synergy enhances the environmental perception of the teleoperator, bridging the gap between their experience and that of an in-vehicle driver. First, we evaluate the performance of a real-world 5G network with network slicing, based on actual data and testing scenarios conducted in both industrial and urban areas with 5G Standalone (5G SA) coverage. Then we validate the 5G capabilities for enabling a real-world system that showcases synergy among different teleoperation elements.

Value Network Configurations for Local 6G Deployments
Arturo Basaure (University of Oulu, Finland); Seppo Yrjölä (Nokia & Centre for Wireless Communications, University of Oulu, Finland); Marja Matinmikko-Blue (University of Oulu, Centre for Wireless Communications, Finland); Petri Ahokangas (University of Oulu, Finland); Risto Jurva (University of Oulu, Centre for Wireless Communications, Finland)
This paper builds a connection between 6G use cases and their different local deployment modes using the techno-economic Value Network Configuration (VNC) analysis approach. The VNC analysis is performed for the real-time digital twin use case assessing the characteristics of two different local 6G deployment modes via describing the technical and business relations between technical components, roles and actors in an ecosystem. The paper identifies the need for additional flexibility in terms of infrastructure and resource sharing to enable emerging industry roles and new value creation. The main findings of the study highlight that in local 6G ecosystems connectivity, computing, and data platforms and services may be bundled to serve a distinct use case bringing the possibility of disrupting existing market positions. Benefits and constraints for each option are also exposed.

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